Volume 12, Issue 4 (3-2022)                   2022, 12(4): 73-91 | Back to browse issues page

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Research Center for Plant Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
Abstract:   (1020 Views)
Salinity tolerant of 24 lentil genotypes was investigated in a split-plot based on a randomized complete blocks design with three replications. Salinity levels (0.5, 12, and 16 dS m-1) were arranged as the main plot and lentil genotypes as the subplot. Results indicated that salinity levels of 12 and 16 dS m-1 reduced the survival percentage of all genotypes compared to control. MLC57, MLC73, MLC94, MLC104, and MLC108 genotypes were not able to tolerate the 16 dS m-1 salinity level. Morphological traits were affected by salinity stress as plant height, number of branches per plant, dry weight, and leaf survival percentage in most genotypes were decreased. Compared to control, the lowest reductions of plant height, number of branches per plant, plant dry weight, and leaf survival percentage were observed at salinity level of 16 dS m-1 in MLC13, MLC120, MLC4, and MLC12 genotypes, respectively. Also the lowest increase in Na+ (5.5 times) and the highest increase in Ca2+ (4 times) were observed at salinity level of 16 dS m-1, in MLC108 and MLC78, respectively. In other words, these genotypes were able to reduce the adverse effects of increased NaCl in higher salinity levels. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that all genotypes of the first group (MLC6, MLC12, MLC26, MLC117, MLC120, and MLC178) were superior for most traits as compared to the total mean. Generally, it could be concluded that this group of genotypes has a better survival percentage and growth characteristics in salinity conditions, which may be used to select salinity tolerant lentil genotypes in subsequent studies.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Plant growth under stressful conditions
Received: 2021/10/14 | Accepted: 2022/03/1 | Published: 2022/03/1

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